Neodymium

Heeger Materials (HM) provides Neodymium and compounds at a competitive price, including Neodymium Acetate, Neodymium Carbonate, Neodymium Chloride, Neodymium Fluoride, Neodymium Hydroxide, Neodymium Metal, Neodymium Nitrate, Neodymium Oxalate, Neodymium Oxide, Neodymium Sulfate.

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Neodymium - Nd

Neodymium is a lustrous silvery-yellow metal. It's very reactive and fast tarnishes in the air. The coated formed doesn't protect the metal from further oxidation, and therefore it must be stored far away from contact with air. It reacts rapidly with hot water and slowly with cold.

Group

Lanthanides 

Melting point

1016°C, 1861°F, 1289 K 

Period

Boiling point

3074°C, 5565°F, 3347 K 

Block

Density (g cm−3)

7.01 

Atomic number

60 

Relative atomic mass

144.242  

State at 20°C

Solid 

Key isotopes

142Nd 

Electron configuration

[Xe] 4f46s2 

CAS number

7440-00-8 

  • Classification: Rare Earth
  • Crystal Structure: Hexagonal
  • Color: silvery
  • The bulk modulus of elasticity: Gpa, 31.8
  • Enthalpy of atomization: kJ /mol @25℃322
  • Neodymium magnet
  • Neodymium magnet
  • Heat capacity: J/(mol·K): 27.45
  • Conductivity: 10^6/(cm ·Ω ): 0.0157
  • Thermal conductivity: W/(m·K): 16.5
  • Heat of fusion: (kJ/mol): 7.140
  • Heat of vaporization: (kJ/mol): 273.0
  • Atomic volume: (cubic centimeter/mole): 20.6
  • The content of elements in the universe: (ppm): 0.01
  • The content of elements in the sun: (ppm): 0.003
  • The content of elements in seawater: (ppm)
  • Pacific surface 0.0000018
  • Content in the crust: (ppm): 38
  • Element atomic weight: 144.24
  • Crystal structure: The unit cell is a hexagonal unit cell.
  • Relative atomic mass: 144.24
  • Common valence: +3
  • Electronegativity: 1.14
  • Peripheral electronic layout: 4f4 6s2
  • Out-of-nuclear electronic layout: 2,8,18,22,8,2
  • Electronic layer: K-L-M-N-O-P
  • Isotopes and radiation: *Nd-142 Nd-143 Nd-144 (radio α[2.1E15y]) Nd-145 Nd-146 Nd-147[10.98d] Nd-148 Nd-149[1.72h] Nd-150
  • Number of protons: 60
  • Number of neutrons: 84
  • Number of electrons: 60
  • Nuclear loss mass: 0.95808u
  • Electron affinity and energy: 0 KJ·mol-1
  • First ionization energy: 530 KJ·mol-1
  • The second ionization energy: 1034 KJ·mol-1
  • The third ionization energy: 0 KJ·mol-1
  • Atomic radius: 2.64 Angstrom
  • Ionic radius: unknown
  • Covalent radius: 1.64 Angstrom

Applications of Neodymium

Neodymium is one of the rare chemicals, which will be found in houses in equipment like color televisions, fluorescent lamps, energy-saving lamps, and glasses. All rare chemicals have comparable properties. Neodymium is one among the several metals in alloys commonly utilized in lighter flints. the foremost important alloys are neodymium, iron, and boron (NIB), found to form excellent permanent magnets. These magnets are a part of modern vehicle components, utilized in computer data storing and in loudspeakers. Neodymium is employed in coloring glasses (didymium glass) ready to adsorb the yellow sodium glare of the flame. this type of glass is employed to guard the eyes of welders. It's also wont to tint glass attractive reminder purple.